POMME POIRE Probably French in origin, there are at least three different apples with this name and it is difficult to trace any consistent history. The one we have, found in America, is most probably the one that was in the London Horticultural Society collection in 1826. A moderately sized round apple, covered in smooth russet, with small lenticels and red flecks breaking through. It has a very small eye, in no basin. The flesh has an interesting caramel flavour, like some pears and also looking like a round (bergamot shaped) pear. Ripe at the end of October it is very sweet, crumbly, firm, not crisp, or particularly juicy, but it is very rich. The flavour increases in November, but by December the apples shrink and go a bit dry. A very pleasant apple. Pollination Group 5








POMME GRISE Forsyth tells us, in 1810, that “Pomme Grise, was introduced into this country by Mr. Alexander Barclay, of Brompton, well known for his ingenuity in bleaching of wax. He is a great lover of horticulture, and has raised several new sorts of Gooseberries from seed. This is a fine Apple, from Canada, of a flattish form and russet colour, streaked beautifully with red. It ripens late, and keeps till March. This is an excellent eating Apple.” Bunyard (1920) said that it came to England from Canada in 1794. Downing (1878) thought that it might originally have been French or Swiss, but there are no records in those countries to support it. Hedrich, in America in 1922 said that it had been cultivated more than a century in Canada and “finds greatest favor among the French in the valley of the St. Lawrence”. It might well be French and very old indeed, having been planted along the colonization routes of the French in Canada in the 17th or 18th century. Throughout the 19th century it was known and appreciated for the rich little apple that it is, but it has been unknown here, after Bunyard wrote of it in 1920. It has lived on in America, throughout, and is also now in the Belgian national collection, but not encountered elsewhere. Hogg in 1884 described it as a dessert apple, small, roundish/ovate, with skin covered in rough russet. Underneath the russet it is green in the shade, but orange in the sun. The flesh is tinted yellow, crisp, very juicy and sugary, with a brisk and highly aromatic flavour. The eye is small and open, set in a narrow and shallow basin. The stalk is about half an inch long, inserted in a shallow and small cavity. This is the apple that is known in America and our experience of it, having been sent scions from the collection of the late Nick Botner, in Oregon, in 2001. Apples here are ripe in early October, when they are gently crisp and crunchy, very sweet, richly flavoured with just the right amount of acid and bursting with juice. The skin is covered with broken russet, and it can be a little tough, but not enough to deter the pleasure inside. The apples store over the winter. Pollination Group 4


POPE’S SCARLET COSTARD Bunyard, in his Handbook of Fruits, 1920, said the history was unrecorded and nothing more seems to have come to light since. He also said it was ‘not worthy of cultivation’, but we cannot agree. He described a dual purpose apple keeping till March (we find it not ripe until November) medium sized, conical, fairly regular, pale yellow almost covered with dark brownish crimson (we say almost mahogany and often more streaked than ‘almost covered’). The flesh is crisp, juicy and greenish (we find it cream), pleasantly flavoured. The eye is closed in a shallow, ribbed basin, much knobbed at the top. The stem is short in a very small russet cavity. We find it a perfectly pleasant, crisp, juicy, sweet and well flavoured eating apple, which, when cooked, keeps its shape, becomes yellowish and is sweet and rich. All of the apples claiming to be ‘Red Costards’ can be traced back to the same source and have been found to be, after dna tests, the same as this apple. It remains a remote possibility, given the lack of any history, that this apple might have a claim to be one of the old Costards. Pollination Group 5

PORT WINE KERNEL Also called Port Wine Pippin. The old tree was found at Hay Redding Orchard at Chaxhill, Gloucestershire, and propagated before entering the collection of the Gloucestershire Orchard Group, who provided scions for us. A medium sized, dessert and possibly cider apple. Conical, with green skin turning warm yellow, flushed and streaked with red, sometimes covering most of the apple and sometimes quite dark red. The nature of the apples varies quite a lot from year to year. In late September the apples are very juicy, very sweet and with a good, rich flavour, with hints of banana and an additional floral savour. The flesh is not crisp, but not soft either. It is best called tender. In some years an excellent dessert apple. Pollination Group 5
PORTER An old American apple, long grown in Britain. Calhoun, in ‘Old Southern Apples’ (1995) writes that it was first grown around 1800 by the Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherburne, Massachusetts and that it was atypical for such ‘northern’ apples to retain their fine qualities when grown in the warmer ‘south’. It was a popular commercial fruit in the USA in the middle of the 19th century. He adds that, when cooked, it keeps its shape and retains flavour well, though it is also a dessert apple. Small and large apples ripen together over a two month period. Scott, in 1872, claims to have brought it from America and introduced it through his nursery. He describes it as a small to medium, top quality, September to October fruit; oblong, regular and narrowing towards the eye. The skin is glossy, bright yellow and with a deeper tinge in the sun or a light blush. The flesh is ‘fine grained, and abounding in juice, sprightly, agreeably aromatic, and nicely subacid’. He adds the tree is a free grower and fruits abundantly, ‘and deserves extensive cultivation’. Pollination Group 6
POWELL'S RUSSET A once popular old Somerset apple dating from before 1700, now rare. Taylor reports in "The Apples of England", 1936, that Powell's Russet was a medium sized Somerset dessert apple with green skin and much russet marking. The apples were said to be round and flattened, the eyes open in a shallow saucer and the stems of medium length in a russeted cavity. This description accords with the tree we have, acquired from Mr and Mrs Tann of Aldham, Essex. Apples are a little hard when young, but soften and develop a full rich flavour, later. Pollination Group 4
PRESCOTT’S PIPPIN Grown as a seedling during the 1930’s by Emily Prescott at Stoke Fleming in South Devon, and reported to us by her son, John Dietz, also at Stoke Fleming, Dartmouth, Devon, who was keen to preserve it, as it cropped so well and in an area which was difficult for apples. We grafted new trees for him and also kept one here. The apples are large, up to 4 inches wide but flattish, obscurely ribbed and more so at the eye, green becoming yellow and with a slight orange flush when ripe in full sun. Apples are ripe in early September and do not store for long. They cook to a purée. They can also be good to eat raw and are sweet enough for most. Pollination Group 5
PRESTWOOD GOLD While exploring old trees in Prestwood, Buckinghamshire, once famous for its extensive cherry orchards, with our local guide, George Lewis, we visited a very old tree in the garden of Lesley Stoner. Mr and Mrs Stoner’s house was built in the 1850s on the edge of the common, in an area of old cherries interspersed with apples, part of which became the garden. The tree seems to be of an age before 1850. Named by Lesley, this large, mid season cooking apple is green becoming golden, with sometimes a warm blush, and breaks down to a very sweet and rich purée. In some years, the fruit can be a very good eating apple, crisp, sweet, rich and tangy. It does not keep beyond the autumn. A very good apple. Pollination Group 4
PRIMROSE PIPPIN An interesting early to mid season apple notified to us by Helen Beale who sent cuttings from a tree owned by Ted and Iris Watts, who later kindly sent us fruit. Their property at Flexford Farm, Lymington, Hampshire was formerly owned by Tess Longman who died in her 80s. Tess used to provide Helen with apples. They were known as Primrose Pippins by Tess Longman. There were once five trees of it and two remain. The unusual numbers suggest it was once a commercial orchard. The small rounded and flat yellow apples, with some russet, are ripe in late August to September and do not keep long, but have a fine, rich flavour. Pollination Group 5
PRINCE ALBERT In 2019, David and Lindsey Slingsby of Bosbury, near Ledbury, Herefordshire, told us of a tree that was known from an early age by their Uncle Joe (Joe Box). He was 93 in 2022 and still going strong. He had lived all his life by an old orchard - the remnants of an old jam fruit orchard. He had always known this tree as Prince Albert. The tree was very old when David sent us scion wood and age and the drought of 2022 have since ended its life. Uncle Joe thinks his uncle planted it. It was a small tree when Joe was a young man. David and Lindsey grafted a new one for their home and they sent scions to us in 2020. They report it is very good for cooking and juicing. Two different Prince Alberts have been noted in old literature. In 1872, it was noted in Scott’s ‘The Orchardist’. He said only that he obtained it from France and that it had not yet fruited with him. The name also appeared in the Rivers’ Nursery catalogue in 1862 and 1863, noting one parent as being Golden Harvey, and describing a small, very rich apple. This cannot be the same as Uncle Joe’s. Hogg, in the 1884 ‘The Fruit Manual’ merely made the name a synonym of Lane’s Prince Albert and Smart’s Prince Arthur, but Uncle Joe’s apple is neither of these as shown by these apples dna profiles. Curiously, there was a match with an apple in the National Collection – ‘NFC Unknown 1945-134’. Possibly, there existed a variety called Prince Albert before nurseryman Lane introduced another apple, in 1857, which he was obliged to distinguish from the former by adding the name Lane’s. Pollination Group 4
PRINZENAPFEL A German dessert apple known in the 18th century, and first recorded in England in the London Horticultural Society catalogue of 1826. The L.H.S. catalogue of 1842 described it as medium sized, oblong, pale yellow, flushed red and ripe in October. An attractive apple, long and gently ribbed with golden skin mostly covered with an orange red flush and carmine streaks. The flesh is fine and tender, rather than crisp, moist enough and very rich. The acidity is just right. After keeping a week or two, by the end of October it has a rich strawberry flavour, but is, by then, softening. There are sometimes red blotches in the flesh. The appearance is both unusual and attractive, and the apple is still popular in Germany and elsewhere in northern Europe. Pollination Group 4

PROFIT 1 Also called Profit Apple, it was once a widespread and popular culinary apple, first recorded in 1863. The National Apple Register records that it was still in existence in 1947, but no examples were found in recent times until two visitors to an apple day in 2001, at Kingston Maurward College, Dorchester, brought in some anonymous apples. They were identified as being the ‘lost’ Profit Apple. One was from George Tozer of Woodcutts, near Salisbury, the other was Barry Wenham, of the Manor House, Fordingbridge, Hampshire. Neither of their names and contact details were kept at the time, but a television appeal managed to locate them. Chris Hunter of Kingston Maurward College sent us scions of both trees shortly after. However, they are different and neither seems to match the fairly brief historical descriptions of Profit. This one is a late season, medium sized eating apple, green turning pale yellow, roundish and lightly ribbed, with crisp, juicy, rich flesh in early October and keeps well into November. If either Profit 1 or Profit 2 is the ‘lost’ Profit’ it is more likley to be Profit 2. The Pollination Group is 5

PROFIT 2 As with Profit 1, an apple brought to the 2001 Apple Day at Kingston Maurward College, Dorchester, when two different visitors brought in anonymous apples which were identified as being the ‘lost’ Profit Apple. The scions we received from the Apple Day organizers were from both sources but were not labelled as to which source. Profit 2 is a larger apple than Profit 1 and is more flat than round, with smoother skin, becoming clear yellow sometimes with a warm blush. The skin is tough and, after picking, the apples go a little greasy – both hallmarks of an apple that will store well. They can be eaten raw, and the flavour is sweet and mild, but a little weak. The cooked fruit keeps its shape, has a rich perfumed flavour and has no need for added sugar. It gives up hardly any juice and is ideal for mincemeat, chutneys and open tarts. Ripe in October, the apples store beyond December. If either Profit 1 or Profit 2 is the ‘lost’ Profit’ it is more likley to be Profit 2. Pollination Group 5
  PUCKRUPP PIPPIN A late dessert apple, first described in 1872, though possibly a much older apple. The accession in the National Collection is believed to be different to that described in 1872, and has been renamed Puckrupt Pippin. Ours is from the Tann collection. It may have originated in Puckrup, Gloucestershire. An apple with a sweet, citric flavour and firm, deep cream flesh, storing until February. Pollination Group 4    
PULLEN’S EGG In Old Headington, now part of Oxford, is Pullen’s Lane, named after the Rev. Josiah Pullen, famed for his Wych Elm that was planted by him in 1700 and destroyed (deliberately) by fire in 1909. The site of this tree was at the entrance to what is now the `St Clement’s & District’ allotments, where this apple tree now grows. He seems to have owned Pullen’s Farm and the lane might have been named from that. This upper part of Headington, already home to many fruit trees, was a major 650+ acre estate for Headington Manor. passed into the ownership of Mr G.H. Morel, whose family escaped from France in the 1780s. His descendants later became the famed Morrell’s Brewery dynasty. Later still it was owned by Robert Maxwell and Pergamon Press. The allotments were laid out 1919-20 and leased to Oxford City Council. In recent years, part of their land was purchased by Oxford Brookes University for new buildings, and the tree of Pullen’s Egg is now on their land, though still used as allotment. It has a Tree Preservation Order on it now. This is a large tree and an old one, with the size and girth suggesting it was there well before the allotments were created. It produces apples a bit out of the ordinary. It has two trunks from low down, suggesting that ground level has been made up after the tree was planted. Overshadowed on one side by a mature oak tree, it has now become one sided and semi-weeping. The bark is rather unusual. The dna is unmatched and after local consultation, Phil Baker, resident of Headington, who told us about this special tree and who has provided a lot of history on the area, has decided to call it Pullen’s Egg, the word ‘Egg’ coming from the nickname of Emily, a family member, and from a weak pun on Pullets, whose eggs were small. Ripe in late August to mid September, the apples are small, flattened and very prettily streaked in pale strawberry to crimson, over a base colour of almost white. The flesh is sweet, juicy and richly flavoured, though apples are best eaten within a few days of picking. Pollination Group 4